Non-Player Character
29th July – 21st August 2022
Galeria.Kollektiva, Schillerstraße 30, 34117 Kassel, Germany

Galeria.Kollektiva is delighted to present Non-Player Character, a solo exhibition by artist, curator and writer Bob Bicknell-Knight, presenting a research based body of work exploring the many facets of non-player characters (NPCs) in video games, from their looping lives to the repetitive dialogue that they bark at the player character, as a metaphor for the boundaries of human action within an increasingly algorithmic, surveilled existence.

NPCs are characters in video games that are controlled by the computer. They have a predetermined set of behaviours programmed by artificially intelligent (AI) software. The lives of these characters revolve around the player. They are stuck in the game world, doomed to repeat the same day for eternity, waiting to be interacted with.

In Non-Player Character Bicknell-Knight exhibits new paintings, sculptures, a recently commissioned CGI video and a newly produced interactive video game, examining the game development tools used to create NPCs whilst imagining what NPCs are thinking and feeling on a daily basis.

The central piece in the exhibition, titled Non-Player Character, is a new CGI film commissioned using funding from Arts Council England. The looping video explores the NPC as a vehicle by which we can understand human navigation of an increasingly codified and controlled existence. Controlled by the AI software, NPCs have predetermined sets of behaviours. Programmed to repeat the same day, their lives revolve around the player, waiting for interaction. Bicknell-Knight’s film imagines what enemy NPCs are thinking and feeling, forced to be defeated over and over, until their data becomes unreadable.

Each enemy NPC 3D model that you see in the film has been directly taken from a different video game. The script, written by Bicknell-Knight, is read out in a series of high-pitched tones, referencing the use of grunts instead of professional voice acting in early video games. Grunts were used in the 90s and early 2000s when budgets were smaller, sound hardware was more basic and the cartridge space for video games were limited. Within the film these enemy NPCs have been killed by the player, falling off the map into a white non-space, breaking into small pieces to be subsequently recycled and reused to create endless copies of their own selves. Their collective memories have become homogenised whilst their voices have been replaced by a series of grunts. The work resides on a 3D printed USB drive resembling the arm of a Deathclaw from the popular post-apocalyptic video game series Fallout. Viewers are invited to watch the film whilst sitting on a series of custom-made cubes featuring the video game textures from a number of the enemy NPCs included in the film.

A new series of paintings contain different NPC quotes from a number of video games from the past 20 years. The new paintings explore NPC dialogue in video games, short one-line audio clips spoken by NPCs that populate the game world. These short sentences are called barks and can be random or in reaction to the player or events happening within the game. The phrases are often repeatedly spoken to the player within the game world, sometimes heard hundreds or even thousands of times in a single playthrough. Each painting includes a specific bark from a different game, written in the games typeface and set against imagery taken from within the specific game world.

Bicknell-Knight’s 2D works are hybrid paintings. The pieces begin as digitally edited fabricated images. They are then printed onto canvas, stretched and then painted onto with acrylic paint, with the offline artist’s hand interacting with the original online digital image. The sides are colour matched, and the front of the canvas is partially painted onto. The paintings are held in a series of 3D printed frames, produced without a perimeter to expose the inner workings of the structure. They are intentionally elaborate, taking inspiration from traditional frames from the 18th century, deliberately drawing attention away from the subject of the work and emphasising the artificial nature of the painted representation.

The sculptures in the exhibition explore collectible items in video games, objects within different game worlds that can be collected by a player, and more specifically vendor trash, items found in video games that serve little or no use to the player, other than to be sold to NPC vendors for money. This mainly occurs in role-playing games (RPGs), with the most well-known types of vendor trash being extremely poor-quality equipment or items that are literally useless other than their value to vendors. In Vendor Trash I, II and III, Bicknell-Knight has reproduced a series of useless items from the video game series Fallout. These items, ranging from a garden gnome to a human skull, have been 3D printed with translucent filament and are exhibited in a number of stacked plastic crates referencing elements of the archive and storage facilities.

The final work in the exhibition, Gone But Not Forgotten, is an interactive video game that transports the audience into a misty forest filled with the graves of a number of NPC companions from different video game worlds. NPC companions accompany the player throughout the game and usually have complimentary skills that boosts the players abilities. Their role in the overarching story can be anything from being a helpful sidekick to a potential love interest. They are NPCs within the game world that many players become particularly attached to, with some mourning their digital deaths in the same way that you might mourn a relative or close friend. Each grave within the work is custom made, referencing the companions’ specific traits or interests.

Non-Player Character is an in-depth investigation into the tools and technologies used to create NPCs in video games, continuing Bicknell-Knight’s ongoing investigation into the lack of agency and autonomy experienced by the vast majority of living human beings as they are unable to enact real change around the globe, dominated by higher forces. From the world of finance to the will of corporations, from increasingly pervasive bureaucratic systems to the inertia, greed, and corruption of the political class.


Bob Bicknell-Knight (b. 1996, Ipswich, UK) is a multidisciplinary artist, curator and writer influenced by surveillance capitalism and responding to internet hyper consumerism, automation and technocratic authoritarianism. Within his practice he harnesses different processes and materials to create both physical and digital artworks, including fabric printing, painting, ceramics, bookmaking, 3D printing technologies and game development software. Key subjects of investigation include our complicity with corporate giants, the sculpting of online identities and the prescient qualities of dystopian science fiction.

Bicknell-Knight is also the founder and director of isthisit?, a platform for art that’s specialised mainly in digital art since its creation in May 2016, and has worked with hundreds of artists over the past 6 years. Through the platform he curates online and offline exhibitions, hosts a residency programme and has designed and edited a series of books, focusing on a number of broad themes from contemporary modes of surveillance, fake news and video game culture

Selected solo and duo exhibitions include Digging History at INDUSTRA, Brno, Czech Republic (2021); Eat The Rich at Galerie Sono, Paris (2021); It's Always Day One at Office Impart, Berlin (2021); Bit Rot at Broadway Gallery, Letchworth (2020); The Big Four, duo show with Rosa-Maria Nuutinen at Harlesden High Street, London (2019); Wellness, Ltd., duo show with Erin Mitchell at Galerie Manque, New York (2019); State of Affairs at Salon 75, Copenhagen (2019); CACOTOPIA 02 at Annka Kultys Gallery, London (2018); Sunrise Prelude at Dollspace, London (2017) and Are we there yet? at Chelsea College of Art, London (2017).

Bicknell-Knight has spoken on panel discussions and given artist talks at Vilnius Academy of Arts, Vilnius, Lithuania (2022); Mezanin, Bucharest, Romania (2021); panke.gallery, Berlin, Germany (2021); Contemporary Calgary, Canada (2020); Tate Modern, London, United Kingdom (2019); University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom (2019); Camberwell College of Arts, London, United Kingdom (2019) and Goldsmiths, University of London, London, United Kingdom (2018).